Mathematical Language

Junior Infants:

sort object colour

same as, match/mark, join same length, weight, height

big, bigger etc, tall heavier etc full, empty, ‘holds’ small

long, all terms re. Time, moving etc. to, from, before, after

short – lighter, lightest early, late set

curved, round, inside, above more, less few/fewer, others straight, corner, outside, below

too many, enough circle, rectangle, square roll, stacked


how many more? Who? How? Why? Pattern

first, second, third etc. zero coins,

shape numerals one, two etc. how much



Senior Infants as Junior Infants: plus the following:

compare least most, heaviest, etc

add same as how far/how far more?

greater than/less than money break up groups

high, low count on / back wide narrow

today, yesterday, tomorrow thick/thin months, seasons

days of week etc. holds more than/less than o’clock

holds most/least/the same over, under, on, in, open, amount

joined, between, next to closed how long, short, heavy

straight charts, measure

out, front, back, high low subtract/take away, go back copy

around, 3D shapes, names, words for numerals


number strip



1st Class: as infants plus the following:

less, more, addition, missing numeral

number subtraction make the same as

smaller, greater rest of them single digit

take away measure centimetre

how many more change group, order

days of week tens/ones/unit calendar

between months subtract, steps

clock, make tens half past

problem dienes blocks abacus

circle, square, rectangle graph bar chart

triangle, side, corner cube, cuboid, pyramid pictogram

faces, edges sphere, cylinder, cone counting in 2’s etc.

left over magic square symmetry

number line 100 square capacity

fraction odd, even.



2nd Class: as 1st plus the following:

missing numbers half quarters forward, backwards

shaded set rename place value

in order grid add, group

metre, centimetre sign difference between

hundred decimetre counting

shaped base 10’s etc. distance

number sentence minutes/hours, quarter past/to different

digital code midnight

subtract midday magic square

timetable seasons 2D, 3D hexagon

tessellate a.m. p.m. pictogram

prism, cuboid, cylinder black graph.



3rd Class: as 2nd plus the following:

Symmetry covering area

Language of division and multiplication mathematic sentence versus written 2X3 = 6

Divide,/divided by/division etc. capacity/liquid/litres, kls

Product weight – grammes / kgs

Factors length – metres, cms, mms.

Set pictogramme

Angle, right angle, horizontal, vertical, diagonals decimal

Rectangle, cuboid, triangle, perimeter fractions – halves, quarters


4th Class: as 3rd plus the following:


division and multiplication – estimate, remainder mnore/less. Litre, millilitres

quantity into, by, from, under, value, more, less

weight shapes

G. kg. Light, lighter, etc. heavy objects. Horizontal, vertical, sloping, parallel, congruent,

Pointed, straight, square, solid, angle, acute, half, quarter, eighth etc/divide, shade, frame,

Obtuse etc. figure.

5th & 6th Class: as 4th plus the following:

fractions shapes,

percentage octagon,

area rhombus, quadrilateral,

length, width, surface, diameter oval, polygon

circumference, radius, base, perpendicular height, 3D – cylinder – sphere, cone, cube, cuboid, pyramid

axis, reflection, image, parallel, triangular prism, tetrahedron

protractor. rotation, symmetrical


Language of Number Operations / Vowels of Maths



more than total minus decrease


and sum of less than

add increase

difference take away


square multiply

power of times division

product of of give divide

how many split


share group

same as



answer is will be







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